How to point a domain name to the server IP?

In this article, we will see how to correctly point a domain name to the IP of a server. Whether you are creating a new website or migrating an existing one, it is essential to understand how to configure DNS records so that your domain name connects properly to your hosting provider.

Understanding domain names and IP addresses

Domain names are the easy-to-remember addresses we use to access websites, such as outilsdomaine.com.

Behind these domain names are IP addresses. IPs are unique numerical identifiers assigned to each server on the Internet.

IP addresses allow computers to find each other and exchange information.

By configuring DNS records correctly, you ensure that your domain name points to the appropriate IP address of your server. Allowing visitors to access your website.

Choosing a domain name registrar and host

In order for your domain name to point to the IP address of your server, you must first choose a domain name registrar and a web host. Find a domain name by clicking here.

The registrar is the company that manages the registration of your domain name, while the host is the company that provides the server space for your website.

It is possible to choose different companies for these two services. However, many hosting companies also offer domain name registration services to facilitate the process.

So make sure you choose trusted providers and ask about features and pricing before making a decision.

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Point a domain name to the server IP

Once you have chosen a registrar and host, the next step is to configure the DNS records to point your domain name to the IP address of your server.

In our situation, we have a VPS with CyberPanel installed on it and a domain name purchased on Cloudflare.

DNS records are the instructions that tell browsers where to find your website on the Internet.

To do this, you must create an “A” record in the DNS zone of your registrar.

So here’s how to do it:

  1. Log in to your account with the domain name registrar.
  2. Go to the DNS records or DNS zone management section.
  3. Look for the option to create a new DNS record of type “A” or “AAAA” if you use an IPv6 address.
  4. Enter the subdomain (for example, “www” for www.outilsdomaine.com)
  5. If you want people to be able to enter your domain without the “www”, you can also enter an @ symbol instead of the www and direct it to the same IP address. It is recommended to use both methods point 4 and 5.
  6. Enter the IP address of your server in the corresponding field.
  7. Save the changes and wait for DNS propagation, which can take from a few minutes to several hours.
  8. After propagation, your domain name should point to the IP address of your server and visitors will be able to access your website using this domain name.

Your DNS record should look like this:

How to point a domain name to the server IP?

Check DNS propagation

Once you have configured the DNS records, it is therefore important to verify that the changes are propagated correctly throughout the global network.

DNS propagation is the process of updating DNS servers around the world with your new domain information.

To check DNS propagation, you can use free online tools such as :

TOOLSDOMAIN (https://outilsdomaine.com/dns-lookup): Just enter your domain name and select the DNS record you want to check (A, AAAA, CNAME, etc.).

How to point a domain name to the server IP?

The tool will then show you the results of DNS propagation through different servers around the world.

It is important to note that DNS propagation can take some time, usually a few minutes to 48 hours.

It is therefore recommended to be patient and to regularly check the propagation until your domain points correctly to the IP address of your server.

Tips for solving common DNS record problems

When configuring the pointing of your domain name to the IP of your server, it is possible to encounter some common problems.

Here are some tips to solve them:

DNS propagation problems.

If your domain does not point correctly to your server’s IP after several hours, make sure that you have configured the DNS records correctly and that you have waited enough time for propagation.

If the problem persists, contact your registrar or web host for assistance.

DNS cache problems

Sometimes problems can be caused by your browser’s DNS cache or your operating system.

So try clearing your browser and system’s DNS cache to see if that solves the problem.

You can also try accessing your website from another device or network to see if the problem persists.

Server configuration problems

If you have correctly configured the DNS records and the propagation is complete, but you are still having problems accessing your site, there may be a server configuration problem.

So check your server settings and make sure it is configured to accept incoming requests for your domain.

Problems with firewalls or routers

In some cases, the problems may be related to firewall and router restrictions or configurations.

Therefore, make sure that the necessary ports are open and that the firewall rules allow incoming traffic to your server.

With these tips in mind, you should be able to solve most common problems related to pointing your domain name to your server IP. Don’t hesitate to ask for help from your registrar, your host or an expert in the field if you encounter persistent difficulties.

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Adam Guipelbé

Ingénieur Systèmes et Réseaux

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